This function converts from 3-dimensional user coordinates to 3-dimensional window coordinates.

rgl.user2window(x, y = NULL, z = NULL, projection = rgl.projection())
rgl.window2user(x, y = NULL, z = 0, projection = rgl.projection())
rgl.projection(dev = cur3d(), subscene = currentSubscene3d(dev))


x, y, z

Input coordinates. Any reasonable way of defining the coordinates is acceptable. See the function xyz.coords for details.


The RGL projection to use

dev, subscene

The RGL device and subscene to work with


These functions convert between user coordinates and window coordinates.

Window coordinates run from 0 to 1 in X, Y, and Z. X runs from 0 on the left to 1 on the right; Y runs from 0 at the bottom to 1 at the top; Z runs from 0 foremost to 1 in the background. RGL does not currently display vertices plotted outside of this range, but in normal circumstances will automatically resize the display to show them. In the example below this has been suppressed.


The coordinate conversion functions produce a matrix with columns corresponding to the X, Y, and Z coordinates.

rgl.projection() returns a list containing the following components:


the modelview matrix


the projection matrix


the viewport vector

See par3d for more details.


Ming Chen / Duncan Murdoch

See also


points3d(rnorm(100), rnorm(100), rnorm(100))

if (interactive() || !.Platform$OS == "unix") {
# Calculate a square in the middle of the display and plot it
square <- rgl.window2user(c(0.25, 0.25, 0.75, 0.75, 0.25), 
                          c(0.25, 0.75, 0.75, 0.25, 0.25), 0.5)
par3d(ignoreExtent = TRUE)
par3d(ignoreExtent = FALSE)